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Comparison of Software Defined Networking (SDN) Controllers. Part 8: Tungsten Fabric

Aptira Comparison of Software Defined Networking (SDN) Controllers. Tungsten Fabric

The previous Software Defined Networking (SDN) in this series might help users and organisations to choose a right SDN controller for their platform that matches their network infrastructure and requirements. These controllers could be a suitable choice to be used in Communication Service Providers (CSP), data centers, research or suitable choice for integration with other platforms. However, with the current IT market, organisations are moving towards migrating their old infrastructure to the Cloud and cloudifying every part of their infrastructure. As such, we will now look at one of the SDN controllers which has been designed to work in a cloud-grade network – Tungsten Fabric (TF).

TF can be a suitable choice for cloud builders and cloud-native platform engineers. It has been first associated with Juniper but now is under the Linux Foundation umbrella.


Tungsten Fabrics architecture is composed of two major software components: TF vRouter and TF Controller.

Aptira Tungsten Fabric Architecture
TF vRouter is used for packet forwarding and applying network and security policies to the devices in the network.

  • VRouters need to be run in each host or compute node in the network. It replaces the Linux bridge and traditional routing stack IP tables, or OpenVSwitch networking on the compute hosts.
  • The TF Controller communicates with the vRouters via Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) to apply the desired networking and security policies.

TF Controllers consists of following software services:

  • Control and Configuration services for communicating with vRouters and maintaining the network topology and network policies.
  • Analytics services for telemetry and troubleshooting.
  • Web UI services for interacting with users.
  • And finally, services to provide integration with private and public could, CNI plugins, virtual machine and bare metal.

Tungsten Fabric version 5.0 and later architecture use microservices based on Docker containers as shown in figure below to deploy the services mentioned above. This makes the controller resilient against failure and highly available which result in the customer user experience.

Aptira Tungsten Fabric Architecture

Modularity and Extensibility

TF microservice-based architecture allows developing particular services based on the performance requirement and increasing load. Also, microservices by nature are modular which makes the maintenance and extensibility of the platform easy whilst isolating the failure of services from each other.


Cluster Scalability

  • TF proceeds towards cluster scalability in a modular fashion. This means each TF role can be scaled horizontally by adding more nodes for that related role. Also, the number of pods for each node is scalable. Zookeeper has been used to choose the active node so the number of pods deployed in the Controller and Analytics nodes must be an odd number according to the nature of the Zookeeper algorithm.

Architectural Scalability

  • TF supports BGP protocol and each TF controller can be connected to other controllers via the BGP protocol. This means TF can be used to connect different SDN islands.


  • Southbound: TF uses the XMPP protocol for communicating with vRouters (data plane) to deliver the overlay SDN solution. BPG also can be used to communicate with legacy devices.
  • Northbound: TF supports Web GUI and RESTful APIs. Plug-ins integrate with other platforms such as orchestrators, clouds and OSS/BSS.


Analytics nodes extract usable telemetry information form infrastructure. The data can then be normalised to the common format and the output is sent via the Kafka service into a Cassandra database. This data can be used in a multitude of ways operationally, from problem solving to capacity planning. Redis uses the data for generating graphs and running queries. The Redis pod is deployed between the analytics pod and the Web UI pod.

Resilience and Fault Tolerance

The modular architecture of Tungsten Fabric makes it resilient against failure, with typically several controllers/pods running on several servers for high availability. Also, the failure of a service is isolated, so it does not affect the whole system. The API and Web GUI services are accessed through a load balancer. The load balancer can allow pods to be in different subnets.

Programming Language

TF supports C++, Python, Go, Node.js.


TF was first associated with Juniper but is now supported under the Linux Foundation Networking umbrella and boasts a large developer and user community.


Given this evaluation; TF is a suitable choice for cloud builders and cloud-native platform engineers. This is because it works flexibly with private and public Clouds, CNI plugins, virtual machines and bare metal. Depending on the orchestrator integrated, it exposes heat APIs, Kubernetes APIs, etc. to instantiate network and security policies. The scalability of TF makes it highly available and resilient against failure which increases the customer user experience. Finally, the modularity features of it allows users to easily customise, read, test and maintain each module separately.

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